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Wuhu News

BBC: Chinese city Wuhu embraces driverless vehicles

Chinese hi-tech firm Baidu has unveiled a plan to let driverless vehicles range freely around an entire city.

The five-year plan will see the autonomous cars, vans and buses slowly introduced to the eastern city of Wuhu.

Initially no passengers will be carried by the vehicles as the technology to control them is refined via journeys along designated test zones.
Eventually the test areas will be expanded and passengers will be able to use the vehicles.
“They want to be the first city in the world to embrace autonomous driving,” said Wang Jing, Baidu’s head of driverless cars, in an interview with the BBC’s Click programme.
“This is the first city that is brave enough, daring enough and innovative enough to test autonomous driving,” he said.

Efficiency drive
Mr Jing said the first phase of the trial would last about three years and would involve restricted areas in the city where buses, mid-size vans and cars would be tested.
After three years, the areas of the city in which the autonomous cars can drive will be expanded and the service will be commercialised to allow some of the three million inhabitants of Wuhu to use it.

After five years, he said, the whole city will be open to the driverless vehicles which will mix with human-driven cars, trucks and buses.
Mr Jing said the city was keen to use robot vehicles because they were a much more efficient way to transport people and goods.
The current model in which many households own a car was a “great waste” of resources, he said, because most of the time private cars stood idle. By contrast, he said, robot cars would be much more heavily used.

A study released this week suggested that greater use of driverless cars could promote congestion. The study by accounting group KPMG suggested the robot cars could be used widely by groups, such as the young and old, who do not usually drive thereby increasing the numbers of vehicles on the road.

Mr Jing said he hoped the Wuhu trial would lead to projects elsewhere.
“We are trying to give the experience and data to the central government so they can see the benefit and that will make it easier for us to push to other cities in China,” he said. “We hope it will be a starting point that lets us take it to other countries.”

Baidu is known to be working closely with German car maker BMW on the development of control systems for autonomous vehicles. The cars emerging from that partnership as well as others made by Chinese car maker Chery will be used in the Wuhu trial.

Many tech firms, including Google, and car manufacturers are also working on control systems for robot cars.

Wuhu sticks to new-energy drive

As one of the early birds researching and developing NEV products, Chery launched its first electric minicar eQ at the end of 2014. The company sold 15,000 electric cars last year, and plans to sell 35,000 this year. In 2020, it aims to reach 200,000 units in annual sales.

Chery also set foot into e-car rental services. It teamed with rental firm Eakay and provided 1,164 eQ cars in Wuhu, Anhui province, priced at 15 yuan ($2.29) per hour and 65 yuan per day.

Although believing in the potential of NEV market, Ni said his company still faced challenges such as battery technology and a subsidy policy, which favors battery makers.

“Battery technology is the biggest problem,” Ni said.

He said as a result Chery’s long-term strategy on NEV is to make pure electric cars for short ranges. As for long range cars, electric plus range extenders (powered by petrol or fuel cell) will be used.

Ni said that his concerns on batteries were underscored in speeches by industry experts in a number of panel discussions last week during the Sino-American technology and engineering conference, held from May 16-18.

An auto rental service that uses only electric cars is now ready for nationwide expansion after what the company called a two-year successful trial in Wuhu, East China”s Anhui province.

The business model was launched in 2014 by the Wuhu-based Eakay Electric Automobile Rental Co Ltd.

Eakay customers can rent cars via an app and the drivers and rental agency operators do not need to meet in person, avoiding lengthy paperwork and other inconveniences of the traditional auto rental business.

The customers can drop off the vehicles at any of the 55 spots in Wuhu”s 110-square-kilometer downtown area.

Eakay now has a fleet of more than 1,100 electric cars´╝îall made by Chery Automobile Co, which is also based in the city.

Eakay has begun an aggressive expansion plan that will see the number of cars increasing to 3,100 by the end of the year and the company opening branches in 50 cities in two years, said President Yan Daoyuan.

Initially, the new branches will be in third- and fourth-tier cities.

“During the two years of trial in the city, our cars have been used more than 20,000 times,” said Yan.

“Though the government wants very much to promote electric cars, many people still don”t want to buy them because of multiple concerns. The rental will be a good opportunity for them to try such a new-energy car.”

To rent a car, customers need to pay only 15 yuan ($2.32) an hour and 65 yuan for a day.

China”s car rental sector has been on the fast track in recent years, while Eakay executives said they believe that the battle for the domestic car-sharing market has only just begun.

“Competition comes from not only the domestic players, but also the global competitors,” said Tan Yi, cofounder and chief operating officer of Eakay.

German carmaker Daimler AG last Friday launched its car2go rental service in Southwest China”s Chongqing municipality, allowing users to park their Mercedes-Benz Smart cars, some 400 in total, anywhere in an area of 60 sq km in the city after use.

“The Chinese car-sharing market is still developing, but it bears high potential. It is expected to grow around 80 percent per year until 2018,” said a 2014 report by Roland Berger Strategy Consultants GmbH, a global consulting firm.

“In the near future, only station-based business models with closed community consumer groups will suit the Chinese market conditions,” said Andreas Maennel, principal at Roland Berger Greater China.

“This approach will reduce the number of required vehicles and amount of initial investment. Only when general awareness and network density increase might a free-floating model become feasible,” the report added.

Yan said Eakay is now “very close to a free-floating model since an easy-to-reach network is already in place and the service spots will be increased to about 200 by the end of this year.”

The company has also built more than 1,000 charging stations, each allowing two cars to charge at the same time. Another 2,500 will be built this year.

The charging stations are also open to private electric-car owners.

“Lack of charging facilities has always been one of the most important factors hindering the promotion of electric cars in China,” said Tan.

“Such a market-oriented practice will be more effective in tackling the problem than government regulations stipulating certain number of recharging posts in the neighborhood,” Tan added.

 

Eakay Electric Auto seeks expansion for its rental business

By Zhu Lixin In Wuhu, Anhui(China Daily)

An auto rental service that uses only electric cars is now ready for nationwide expansion after what the company called a two-year successful trial in Wuhu, East China’s Anhui province.

The business model was launched in 2014 by the Wuhu-based Eakay Electric Automobile Rental Co Ltd.

Eakay customers can rent cars via an app and the drivers and rental agency operators do not need to meet in person, avoiding lengthy paperwork and other inconveniences of the traditional auto rental business.

The customers can drop off the vehicles at any of the 55 spots in Wuhu’s 110-square-kilometer downtown area.

Eakay now has a fleet of more than 1,100 electric cars, all made by Chery Automobile Co, which is also based in the city.

Eakay has begun an aggressive expansion plan that will see the number of cars increasing to 3,100 by the end of the year and the company opening branches in 50 cities in two years, said President Yan Daoyuan.

Initially, the new branches will be in third- and fourth-tier cities.

“During the two years of trial in the city, our cars have been used more than 20,000 times,” said Yan.

“Though the government wants very much to promote electric cars, many people still don’t want to buy them because of multiple concerns. The rental will be a good opportunity for them to try such a new-energy car.”

To rent a car, customers need to pay only 15 yuan ($2.32) an hour and 65 yuan for a day.

China’s car rental sector has been on the fast track in recent years, while Eakay executives said they believe that the battle for the domestic car-sharing market has only just begun.

“Competition comes from not only the domestic players, but also the global competitors,” said Tan Yi, cofounder and chief operating officer of Eakay.

German carmaker Daimler AG last Friday launched its car2go rental service in Southwest China’s Chongqing municipality, allowing users to park their Mercedes-Benz Smart cars, some 400 in total, anywhere in an area of 60 sq km in the city after use.

“The Chinese car-sharing market is still developing, but it bears high potential. It is expected to grow around 80 percent per year until 2018,” said a 2014 report by Roland Berger Strategy Consultants GmbH, a global consulting firm.

“In the near future, only station-based business models with closed community consumer groups will suit the Chinese market conditions,” said Andreas Maennel, principal at Roland Berger Greater China.

“This approach will reduce the number of required vehicles and amount of initial investment. Only when general awareness and network density increase might a free-floating model become feasible,” the report added.

Yan said Eakay is now “very close to a free-floating model since an easy-to-reach network is already in place and the service spots will be increased to about 200 by the end of this year.”

The company has also built more than 1,000 charging stations, each allowing two cars to charge at the same time. Another 2,500 will be built this year.

The charging stations are also open to private electric-car owners.

“Lack of charging facilities has always been one of the most important factors hindering the promotion of electric cars in China,” said Tan.

“Such a market-oriented practice will be more effective in tackling the problem than government regulations stipulating certain number of recharging posts in the neighborhood,” Tan added.